Features Strawberry Lambada
Garden strawberries with the original name Lambada is one of the most beloved and revered varieties among domestic gardeners, which has excellent yield and excellent quality of fruits, while it is absolutely not whimsical to care for. What are the features of plant agricultural technology, and how to properly care for it - further in the article.
Description and characteristic
Strawberry Lambada is a fruit non-remontant crop with early or early maturity, the fruits of which are ready for harvest, beginning in late May. The variety was bred in the 80s of the last century by geneticists from the Netherlands, who, as a result of crossing the hybrids of Silvett and Holiday, were able to get a new variety of culture that has good winter hardiness, strong immunity, high taste and aesthetic qualities of the fruit.
Lambada fruits - medium-sized, cone-shaped, slightly elongated berries, saturated bright red color, weighing 8-20 g. The flesh is characterized by a high content of juice, very sugar, moderate density, light red color. In terms of taste, Lambada is superior to many other varieties.. It is sweet, with pronounced strawberry notes, without acid. According to the professional assessment of the tasters, the berries earned 5 points out of a possible 5.
The plant yield is high enough. Summer gardeners receive from 0.5 to 2 kg of berries from one bush during the growing season. However, due to the delicate structure, the fruits do not tolerate transportation, are not suitable for long-term storage. In the process of transportation, strawberries begin to “let in” juice and lose their presentation.
Important! The maximum yield can be observed in the second year of the growing season.
Lambada bushes are quite high, upright, sprawling, with an open bookmark of fruiting branches. Green mass is represented by a small amount of dark green, large leaves. During flowering, large white flowers with well-developed stamens are formed on the bushes. Bloom - plentiful, many powerful peduncles are formed on the plant.
Strawberry tolerates high planting density and is capable of fruiting in almost any climate.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- Gardeners involved in the cultivation of strawberries of the described variety, note a number of its positive qualities, which include:
- early ripening;
- good winter hardiness, up to –30 ° С;
- strong immunity to many ailments, in particular, gray rot and verticillin wilt;
- high palatability of fruits;
- fruiting stability in conditions of thickened plantings;
- not demanding care;
- universal purpose of fruits;
- the possibility of growing crops in open ground and in greenhouses.
- Lambada variety has few drawbacks and among them the most significant are:
- poor keeping and transportability of berries;
- the presence of a large number of antennae, which significantly complicate the process of caring for the plant.
Did you know? In 2010, scientists completely studied the strawberry genome. It turned out that the berry has 10 thousand genes more than humans.
The choice of seedlings for planting
Strawberry Lambada perfectly takes root, both in the open ground and in greenhouses. For plant breeding, many summer residents practice a seedling method. When choosing source material, it is recommended to consider several important nuances:
- the root system of seedlings should be fully developed, with healthy, elastic and elastic roots, without signs of dryness, rotting and symptoms of diseases;
- the trunk and the lower part of the seedlings should not have deep scratches, mechanical damage, mold or signs of fungal infections;
- they are not advised to give preference to too massive seedlings, as this indicates the old age of seedlings.
To avoid replacing varietal material or choosing weak, unhealthy seedlings, planting material should be purchased in specialized stores, from trusted distributors, or in fruit and vegetable nurseries.
Preparation and planting of strawberries Lambada in the open ground
An important point in the formation of a strawberry plantation is the competent and timely planting of seedlings. Planting work is recommended to be carried out in the fall, so that in winter the seedlings take root well and adapt to new conditions. Landing in the spring must be carried out during the period when the land is fully warmed up, and the risks of night frosts disappear. A place for strawberries should be chosen spacious, as even as possible, well-lit, closed from drafts and cold winds.The culture prefers to grow on light, breathable, nutritious soils with a neutral or low acidity level. Loams or black earth are perfect.
Immediately before planting, strawberry rosettes are recommended to be kept for 15-30 minutes in a weakly concentrated solution of potassium permanganate, and then in a solution of growth activator.
Important! Planting a plant on salty soils significantly inhibits its growth and development.
The process of planting seedlings is based on the following actions:
- holes are made in the soil in which strawberry seedlings are placed, at intervals of 30-40 cm from each other;
- the root system is sprinkled with soil in such a way that the growth point is located on the surface;
- compacted earth around the seedling, abundantly watered;
- the soil of the trunk circle is mulched with organic means - straw, hay, peat.
When planting plants in several rows, a distance of 40-50 cm is left between them.
Subject to the basic rules for caring for the plant and the timely implementation of traditional agricultural practices, gardeners practically never encounter difficulties in cultivating strawberries.
How to water
Variety Lambada belongs to the category of moisture-loving, therefore, prefers regular and abundant hydration. It is recommended to water the plant, focusing on the drying of the upper layer of soil. At the same time, during irrigation measures, you need to carefully ensure that water does not fall on the foliage and flowers, otherwise they can get a sunburn and “catch” a fungal disease. For irrigation, you should use only well-maintained, warm and soft water, with a temperature of about +15 ° C, which is added directly under the root.
Immediately after moistening the bushes, the soil around the bottom of the outlet must be loosened and mulched with a layer of straw, hay or peat crumb.
Important! It is impossible to use manure or sawdust to mulch strawberries of the described variety. The last option leads to acidification of the soil, and the first - contributes to the formation of excess green mass and inhibition of the formation of peduncles.
During the flowering period of the crop, irrigation measures are recommended to be temporarily suspended in order to avoid infection with fungal ailments. Also, watering should be stopped a week before harvesting, so that, due to excess moisture, the fruits do not become watery and loose.
Several times during the growing season, experts recommend feeding strawberries. Mineral and organic products, such as mullein, ammonium solution, chicken droppings, are perfect for feeding young plants.The culture responds well to wood ash. In the phase of flowering and the formation of ovaries, the application of foliar top dressing with iron-enriched preparations is allowed.
Also, additional nutrients will be needed in the crop after harvest. During this period, it is advisable to use complex organic or mineral products.
Strawberry Lambada is characterized by good indicators of frost resistance, and in warm or temperate climates, when the temperature in winter does not exceed –30 ° C, it does not need shelter. In other cases, it is recommended to take care of the insulation of the bushes for the winter.
Work on sheltering the plant should begin in the fall. For this:
- after harvesting, the bed is dug up to a depth of 5 cm, moisturized abundantly;
- the soil is mulched with hay or peat;
- in November, the bed is covered with spruce branches.
In winter, when a lot of snow falls, hay or straw should be put on top of the spruce branches for additional warming.
Did you know? From the point of view of botany, such a plant as “strawberries” does not exist. The fruit that is most often called strawberries is garden or green strawberries.
Harvesting and storage
As noted above, the variety Lambada belongs to the category of early and early crops, the fruits of which are ready for harvest at the end of May. The best time to take berries is early morning or evening, dry and warm weather.Fruits are recommended to be picked manually, along with the stalks.
Since the berries are of medium density, the picked strawberries must be carefully stored in a wooden container, preferably in one layer. Lambada berries are not suitable for long-term storage, in a refrigerator, they can be stored without loss of presentation or taste for no more than 7 days. Harvested strawberries are immediately advised to use: for the preparation of preservation, various culinary dishes, for fresh consumption. Berries can also be frozen.
Did you know? The brighter and richer the color of strawberries, the more vitamins and nutrients it contains.
A representative of the Dutch selection of strawberries Lambada conquered the hearts of domestic gardeners, primarily due to its unpretentiousness in care and resistance to many diseases. In addition, the culture multiplies easily, has early fruiting periods, is able to please with excellent yield indicators, even under adverse weather conditions.