Do I need to cut strawberries after harvest?
Many gardeners are wondering if it is worth trimming strawberries after harvest. To do this, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with the options for the procedure, the optimal timing, features and step-by-step instructions.
Do I need to cut strawberries after harvest?
When the harvest season comes, then every gardener needs to worry about its proper conduct and further processing of the plant, because the growth and volume of the crop in the next season depends on this.
Strawberries, like many crops, require special care, therefore, after harvesting, she needs timely pruning. There are two favorable periods for the formation of bushes:
Did you know? The largest strawberry was managed to grow in 2015, a Japanese farmer Koji Nakao. The weight of the fetus was 250 g, length and height, respectively - 12 and 8 cm.
The need for the first pruning occurs in case of damage to the plant by various fungal diseases and is done by cutting the bushes to the middle or completely. If such a problem did not arise, then it is necessary to rid the bush of the mustache, which has probably already grown in different directions.
But if your plans include laying new beds, then the strongest and healthiest mustache should be left. And to enable the plant to direct its forces into leaf growth and prepare for the winter cold, strawberry mustaches should be cut in the summer.
In the autumn period, leaves are removed in those leaves that have been damaged by insects or a fungus, have changed color completely or partially. Bushes after such pruning are treated with special insecticides in combination with Bordeaux mixture.
Some gardeners prefer not to prune strawberry bushes., because they believe that such a procedure can greatly harm plants. Also, in the cold season, foliage can serve as protection for horns and flower buds, protecting them from snow and warming.
Important! In no case do not tear off the antennae or stem with your hands, as you can damage both the lower part and the root of the plant itself.
Based on the fact that strawberries are delicate and delicate, pruning should be done with extreme caution. Most gardeners use pruning shears or scissors, since the main feature of these devices is their sharpness.
In addition to secateurs and scissors, gardeners use a lawn mower, small sickle or scythe to reduce the time of the procedure and clean the beds as soon as possible. But such methods can cause significant damage to the plant, especially if the tools are dirty or poorly processed.
Video: Straw pruning and post-harvest care
Regarding the exact timing of pruning, gardeners have not come to a common opinion. At the same time, many of them believe that it does not matter to set specific dates and you can do leaf pruning in the summer. It is important that the strawberries be thinned out for the winter, but manage to “acquire” young sprouts that have grown over the fall.
The gardener must decide when to mow the plant. The most recognized option is to prune it with the onset of August, when the plant no longer bears fruit. It is recommended to perform the procedure on a day when there is no rain and bright sun. If we talk about pruning in the spring, then the month of May will be the most favorable period for this.
Seasonal pruning features
The gardener independently makes decisions regarding the procedure for rejuvenating strawberries, but it is necessary to adhere to the seasonal characteristics of the berry culture.
It should be remembered that the main purpose of spring pruning is rejuvenation and renewal of the plant after wintering. During this period, it will not be amiss to conduct an inspection for signs of the appearance of insect pests.
Important! If fungal diseases are detected, immediately remove damaged or dried strawberry leaves, in other words, carry out a sanitary pruning of the plant.
There is no consensus on autumn strawberry pruning. It should be noted that in order to get a good and stable crop, it should be properly prepared for the winter. The plant must be fully formed and have healthy leaves.
The manipulation that is carried out after the harvest is considered the most reasonable. For the remaining months before winter, the plant actively increases its green mass, forms flower buds for the next fruiting period, and also accumulates the necessary nutrients. If there is a need to rejuvenate the bush, it should be cut to ground level.
Video: Trimming strawberry leaves after harvest
Particular attention should be paid to the gardener remontant strawberries. A complete crop pruning is not carried out, as this procedure leads to a reduction in the fruiting period. On the bushes, sick or dried leaves should be removed, as well as late peduncles, which will only take vitality from the bush and will not give full-fledged fruits.
In order to decide whether to mow strawberry plantings, you need to familiarize yourself with the details of the procedure itself. When pruning, a novice gardener should adhere to such rules:
- For strawberry pruning, it is best to choose a dry, not hot day. To carry out the procedure is in the morning or evening.
- In order to avoid damage to the bush and root system, the leaves of the plant should not be pulled out by hand.
- The length of the stem remaining on the bed should be 5-10 cm, which in turn guarantees the safety of the "growth point" of the plant.
During pruning, it is necessary to gradually move along the rows of the entire strawberry plantation, carefully examining each bush of the plant, while removing all diseased leaves and dried flower stalks. Mowed strawberries topped with, at the same time, fall asleep in a pile for compost or in a special container (box, bucket) - do not leave it in the grooves.
After the end of the manipulation of pruning, the row-spacing is loosened to a depth of 3-5 cm and abundant watering of the beds is carried out. It will not be superfluous to feed the plants. To do this, you can use a solution of mullein, prepared in a proportion of 1:10, or bird droppings - 1:20.
Then, each bush can be sprinkled with wood ash and mulched. The best material for mulch is shoots of conifers. If they are not in your garden, then you can use straw or fallen leaves.
To carry out the manipulation, the gardener will need:
- pointed scissors, or pruning shears;
- container for collecting trimmed foliage;
- device for loosening the soil;
- material for mulching soil;
- protective gloves.
After harvesting, plant care should continue until the frost, if the gardener expects to receive abundant crops in the future
What will happen if you neglect the procedure?
If you neglect the summer pruning procedure, then the plant will not be able to transfer frosts. Proponents of the procedure argue that such stress is necessary for strawberries to produce abundant harvests in the future.
Did you know? Strawberries are the only berries whose seeds are located outside the fruit. So, on the surface of one of them there may be about 200 seeds.
Many gardeners are interested in when and how to trim strawberries. Having become acquainted with the options for carrying out this procedure, you can determine the optimal timing and algorithm of actions.