How to plant strawberries under cover material
Strawberry is a plant that loves warm weather and plentiful moisture. Gardeners noticed that the yield decreases with a small amount of moisture, so you need to water it not only generously, but also often. Germination of strawberries under black covering material reduces the labor costs of gardeners and greatly facilitates the process of growing this berry.
Is it possible to grow strawberries under black cover material
Growing strawberries under black covering material is not only possible, but also the most popular method of modern gardeners. This method allows you to get more yield than using conventional cultivation methods. With this variant of planting strawberries, the yield increases by 2–3 times due to the accumulation of water in the soil using agrofibre.
Did you know? Due to the presence of substances similar in composition to aspirin in strawberries, it can help get rid of headaches.
Types of covering material
For the cultivation of this plant, there are a huge number of types of covering material, they differ in price and quality. The most budget option is a plastic film. But her quality is very low, and for growing strawberries, you should not buy a film, since under it the soil will scatter, remain without oxygen and condensate will collect.
- The most suitable material is agrofiber, which has several advantages:
- service life - 4 years;
- passes moisture and air;
- allows the soil to be porous.
There are 2 types of covering materials - inorganic and organic:
- Pine needles can be used as organic materials.. This material helps protect the root system from the harmful effects of heat and prevent weed growth. Another organic material is straw, it positively affects the microflora and produces 85% of beneficial antibiotics. In addition to the beneficial effect, natural materials can also have a negative effect: they quickly decompose, as a result of which fungi and bacteria appear, so gardeners prefer inorganic materials more.
- One of the popular inorganic materials is a two-color film (white inside, black outside). White color protects the earth from overheating and creates a favorable environment for the propagation of worms. In turn, the black color reflects the rays of the sun and protects the leaves from burns, prevents the development of diseases, parasites.
There are also non-woven materials: spanbel, lutrasil, agrospan.
- Their positive characteristics are:
- high quality;
- frost protection;
- sun protection.
Gardeners claim that young strawberry seedlings should be planted under the fabric in the spring (late April), only after the threat of frost has passed. Young seedlings will quickly take root, if you follow all the rules and recommendations.
Planting grown strawberry mustache under cover material in the fall is also an acceptable option, in which the mustache quickly takes root, strengthens the roots and tolerates winter well.
Growing seedlings under cover material is called mulching. Positive and negative aspects of this type of cultivation are distinguished.
- The advantages of the method include:
- Under the film, weed development is prevented. They do not grow under this material, thanks to this the strawberry root system is fully nourished.
- Strawberry whiskers are not firmly rooted in different places of planting, they are easily separated from the mother bush, so the roots are not injured.
- The soil does not give in to drying thanks to covering material.
- Strawberry fruits ripen clean, which does not allow the development of bacteria.
- Fruits can be stored on the bush longer and not lose their taste and marketability.
- Negative features include:
- In addition to earthworms, slugs and snails quickly and rapidly appear under the material, which can ruin the crop.
- The film must be changed annually, because it is not intended for prolonged use.
Strawberries negatively enough tolerates winter. In regions where the climate is cold, half of the strawberry bushes freezes. But agrofibre protects the root system from the harmful effects of low temperature.
Important! It is important to plant strawberries in the warm season, otherwise there will be no harvest at all.
The period of planting seedlings largely depends on the region and weather conditions. If seedlings are planted in early spring, there will be more crops next year. During the growing season, the bushes will grow stronger and lay many buds.
The main disadvantage of strawberry planting in the spring is the lack of quality seedlings. What you can get are sprouts taken from old bushes, or mustaches from last year. Both options are unsuitable planting stock.
In autumn, strawberries are planted in September-October. This period is the most unfavorable for planting bushes. Seedlings have time to take root, but leave the winter incompletely prepared, do not have time to form, lay a sufficient number of flower buds, respectively, the harvest will be small. Autumn landing is great for getting a large number of mustaches next year. In the first year of planting, the bushes give a very strong mustache, from which you can get the best seedlings.
A step-by-step scheme for planting strawberries in autumn under the film
The process of planting strawberries includes several stages: the initial (preparatory), the actual planting and the final stage.
Preparatory work, material
When choosing a fiber, several aspects must be considered:
- Colour. Covering material of any color will reduce the number of weeds and protect the crop from the process of decay. But it is better to choose a film that is light above and dark below. Grass does not grow under dark matter, because sunlight does not penetrate under it.
- Manufacturer. Different manufacturers vary the life of the film. Usually, the service life is 3 years, but low-quality Chinese material very quickly loses its positive properties.
- Presence / absence of vents for ventilation. Without ventilation holes, plants will not be able to consume enough oxygen, so you need to choose a material with good ventilation.
- Covering film size. The best width varies between 1.6–3.2 m.
Did you know? Strawberries are very effective in whitening teeth.
To plant strawberries, you need to choose a flat plot of land. How to cover the soil and what necessary to observe the techniques of the preparatory phase:
- To clear the soil from weeds, by means of digging.
- Fertilize the earth with wood ash or other mineral fertilizers.
- Water the earth for easy formation of beds.
- To form landing places.
- Evenly cover the land with a film on which strawberries will be planted and fix it on the sides with heavy rods.
- If polyethylene is used as a covering material, drip irrigation must be constructed by laying a hose with holes in it.
Video: How to lay agrofibre manually
After the preparatory phase, you must proceed to the immediate landing. On the finished film, it is necessary to mark the location of the holes with chalk.In marked areas, cuts of 10 cm in length should be made. They should be medium in size, otherwise grass will grow near the strawberry bush. The best distance between cuts is 30 cm. Seedlings must be planted in open ground on a film.
The necessary devices for planting seedlings are a shovel and a rake.
When planting, each bush is abundantly watered with water (0.5–1 L of water per bush), it is convenient to use this type of watering only with a small area of beds. A more suitable method is drip irrigation. To carry out such irrigation, it is necessary to extend the hose with holes along the entire length of the garden bed.
Another method of irrigation is to irrigate the beds. This method should be used only when planting strawberries in a fiber that passes moisture. In spring, strawberries must be watered three times a month. During flowering, this method can not be used, it is recommended to use irrigation on the furrows.Strawberry drip irrigation
The covering film effectively protects the plant from the spread of diseases and parasites that can lay eggs in the soil. If pests have appeared, it is necessary to treat the soil with iron sulphate or conventional chemicals against the appearance of various parasites (Zolon - fights against May bugs, bears, aphids).
Preparing for the winter
After harvesting, all leaves and stems must be cut. In regions with a warm climate, this procedure is carried out in the fall, when the leaves are already turning yellow. If strawberries grow in a cold climate, leaves are left for the winter, so the plant tolerates winter better. Also, the bushes can be covered with spruce needles or straw for better tolerance of frost.
Harvesting and storage
It is necessary to collect strawberries two days before its full ripening, it is better stored. Fruits that will be intended for long-term storage do not need to be watered frequently. Watery berries will not be able to maintain their properties even for two days.
Harvest must be harvested together with the upper stems and green leaves. Harvesting is best in the early morning after the dew has dried or in the late evening. The collected berries should be stacked in wooden or plastic boxes with soft paper at the bottom. Harvest must be placed in a cool place (0 ... + 2 ° C). At this temperature, the shelf life will increase to three days.
Important! For long-term storage, it is very important to choose types of strawberries with dense berries, otherwise the shelf life will be short.
At home, it is recommended to store berries in glass jars. Washing the fruits before putting them in jars is not recommended, because the berries will immediately begin to secrete juice. Store only fresh berries that have not been infected with various diseases or parasites. You can also freeze strawberries, and they will not lose their palatability. You need to freeze clean, dried strawberries, laid out on a large wide dish.
This type of strawberry planting is quite common, because it has a number of positive features. The main ones are moisture conservation, weed control and protection of the root system from direct sunlight. Reviews gardeners are only positive in nature about this method of planting.