Why does not apricot tree bear fruit?
Apricot is a stone fruit tree with juicy and healthy fruits. This thermophilic plant does not require specific care and conditions. If the apricot blossoms, but does not bear fruit, this means that it grows in inappropriate conditions or is sick. In the article we will consider the most common mistakes that occur when growing this tree, and tell you how to fix them.
What year after planting apricot fruit?
Many gardeners are interested in how many years it will be possible to harvest from a tree. Most often, the apricot begins to bear fruit 3-5 years after planting. With proper care, the crop will delight you over the next 40 years.
The reasons why apricot may not bear fruit
Despite the fact that apricot is a heat-loving plant, it is quite unpretentious in care and calmly tolerates cold winters. And if he ceased to bear fruit, this may mean that the plant is sick, suffers from an attack of insects or from a lack of useful elements.
Wrong Apricot Variety Selected
When choosing an apricot, you should pay attention to frost-resistant varieties that feel comfortable in the winter.
Important! When choosing a seedling, pay attention to the root system: it should look healthy and be without damage.
It should be remembered that not all varieties are able to self-pollinate. If you have acquired just such a specimen, you should make sure that there are self-fertile species nearby. And you need to pay attention to the fact that the flowering period must necessarily coincide.
The tree grows in inappropriate conditions
Another reason due to which there is no crop in the described crop is the lack of suitable conditions.
Since apricot is a heat-loving plant, it should be planted in a place with enough light. If the tree is in the shadow of the house, then it will noticeably weaken and will cease to yield crops. You can fix this by painting the nearest wall or fence in white: the surface will repel sunlight, which will revive the tree.
The soil should be light and loose, loamy and non-acidic, with an arrangement of groundwater of about 2.5–3 m.
Did you know? Apricot comes from China, and the Greeks brought it to Europe more than two millennia ago.
Apricot pruned incorrectly or not pruned at all
The lack of pruning also negatively affects the ability of the tree to bear fruit.. Dry and diseased branches not only spoil the appearance, but also hinder the development of new ones.
Varieties with late fruit ripening should be pruned in spring. For early ripening, unnecessary branches are removed in the fall. The main task is to correctly adjust the ratio of leaf and fruit-bearing branches: this will help maintain the amount of harvest.
In the case when a young plant shrubs, it is imperative to prune: you will form a beautiful tree and remove the extra shoots that may be a hotbed of insects.
Incorrect watering and fertilizing
Heat-loving apricot may cease to bear fruit in the event of a drought in the summer or with an insufficient amount of nutrients in the soil.
In such cases, the tree blooms poorly and looks painful. This situation is corrected by adjusting the irrigation scheme and feeding the plant..
Pests and diseases of apricot
Diseases and pests can also be the reason that the apricot ceases to bear fruit. Of particular danger to the crop are different types of fungus and insects.
Most often found are:
- Brown spotting. A fungal disease that can affect both fruits and leaves. First appears as brown spots, which may increase over time.
- Powdery Mildew This disease is most often affected by young shoots. It appears as a white coating on both sides of the leaves. In the later stages, spots become denser, become dark. This disease can lead to wilting of leaves, deterioration of crop quality and weakening of the tree.
- Gallica eye. An insect that infects the buds of fruit plants. It looks like a small gray-yellow mosquito with long legs. Females lay eggs in the apricot buds. Then, the hatched larvae gnaw at the passages, which leads to the drying of the kidneys.
- White-spotted leaflet. Pink-orange butterfly with a dark border on the edges of the wings, its size is 1.5–2 cm. It nibbles the edges of the leaves, after which it pupates in leaves folded into a tube.
- Moth-peeled fruit. The main pest of fruits. Males have a wingspan of about 4 cm, while females are wingless. They lay eggs on branches near the kidneys. When the kidneys wake up, caterpillars appear that feed on the kidneys, then buds and ovaries.
What needs to be done so that the apricot starts to bear fruit?
In order to fully enjoy juicy and healthy fruits, you just need to provide the apricot tree with proper care: water, feed and spray on time from diseases and pests.
Did you know? In the 15th century, apricot was used to treat headaches and as an anti-aging agent.
If you planted a self-made variety on your plot, then even one apricot will give quite a lot of harvest. It could be:
- Northern Triumph;
- A pineapple.
Artificial pollination is used for such varieties:
- Best Michurinsky.
In this case, 2–4 trees of the same variety are planted on the site so that they pollinate each other. If there is no desire or opportunity to create a small apricot orchard, you can pin a twig of one variety on a plant of another variety.
There are two methods of artificial pollination:
- Manual. Pollen from one tree is transferred to another with a piece of cotton wool, fur or a brush. Despite all the painstaking work, this is a fairly simple way. Pollen is taken with light movements from one tree and transplanted to another with the same light movements.
Important! Manual pollination can yield a yield increase of 40%.
- Airflow with a powerful hairdryer or fan. This option is less effective, but does not require such thoroughness as the previous one.
Top dressing and watering
In normal weather, without critical frost or heat, the apricot is watered 4 times a year:
- April, when the shoots begin to grow.
- May is a time of intensive shoot growth.
- 2-3 days before the start of fruit ripening.
- October is a charge of moisture for the cold season.
Fertilizer very well affects the fertility of the plant. For young plants, fertilization once a year with organic fertilizers will be enough (5 kg of humus under one tree). Older ones need to be fertilized with mineral dressings: for example, 800 grams of superphosphate, 250 grams of potassium chloride, 350 grams of ammonium nitrate for one tree. This is best done every year, in early spring.
Disease and Pest Prevention
In order to protect apricots from diseases and insects, prophylaxis should be carried out, which includes such actions:
- Timely pruning of sick and dry branches.
- Removing fallen leaves around the trunk.
- Loosening the soil.
- Timely watering and fertilizing the plant.
- Whitewashing trunks.
Preventive measures are best done in the early morning and until the time when the apricot begins to bear fruit. It is in this case that the crop will be plentiful and the tree healthy.
Despite the fact that apricot is not the most whimsical plant, both the tree and the fruits can get sick. In fungal diseases, a solution of Bordeaux fluid or copper sulfate is usually used.. This treatment is suitable in the early stages. In severe cases, it is better to use antifungal agents. For pest control, such medicines like Entobacterin or Decim.
Apricot is a thermophilic tree that adapts well to any conditions. With proper care, watering and treatment from diseases and insects, it will delight you with a good harvest for many years.