Features of planting and care for cherries Sylvia
Sylvia sweet cherry - a popular variety of columnar (compact) fruit trees. It is very popular on an industrial scale, but amateur gardeners also like it due to its small size. How to grow such a plant on your site - we will tell further.
Botanical grade description
Column-shaped cherries are varieties of this culture that grow in height. An adult plant looks like a narrow cylinder, densely dotted with fruits. It seems that the fruits grow on the trunk itself, and not on the branches, since excessive branching to the colony-shaped cherries is not inherent, and the shoots are very short. The tree blooms late, so the berries ripen only in mid-June. The fruits grow large, juicy.
Important! Sylvia blooming cherries can tolerate frosts to -2°With no color loss.
Characterization of fruits and tree
Colon-shaped trees are significantly different from ordinary trees, but in order to distinguish Sylvia from the rest, you need to know its description in more detail.
Crown Height and Density
Colon-shaped dwarf trees. The height of Sylvia, even on a wild stock, does not exceed 3 m. The trunk of her is erect and has virtually no lateral branches. All shoots grow vertically. The crown is thick, cylindrical. In formation practically does not need.Scientists have also developed a variety of cultivar Sylvia - Little Sylvia
Taste qualities of fruits
Ripe berries are dark red in color with a shiny peel. The fruit density is average. The flesh is deep red, crisp, juicy. Her taste is excellent, bright. By taste, Sylvia was rated at 4.9 points out of 5 possible.
The variety is suitable for cultivation in the south and in the middle latitudes of Russia, in Ukraine and in the south of Belarus. To the north the tree can grow, but only with good warming for the winter, since it has an average frost resistance.
Did you know? Cherry is a raw material for the manufacture of food coloring. Surprisingly, the color of the dye is not red, but green.
Fruits in a variety of 7-10 days. The first time the tree produces crops in the second or third year. In the first and second year, it is advisable to break off the entire ovary so that the tree does not waste energy on the ripening of the fruits, but directs them to root. If you follow all the rules of care, then in the third year you can already get about 15 kg of berries from the plant. More adults bring 50 kg. Such a high yield has the opposite side - the tree lives no more than 15 years.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- The positive qualities of the variety include:
- excellent taste;
- frost resistance, drought resistance, moisture resistance;
- Cons of this grade are:
- does not tolerate strong and cold winds;
- Doesn’t like too wet soil;
- does not tolerate prolonged drought;
- dislikes weeds, as well as the neighborhood of other tall plants.
Features of planting cherries
Since this cherry is compact and low, it has its own landing requirements.
Important! Sylvia cherries have a subspecies of Little Sylvia with a height of not more than 200 cm and a diameter of up to 50 cm. Its ripening dates are even later.
It is best to plant a columnar sweet cherry in the spring, when the frosts pass. If the seedling was purchased in the fall, then it should simply be prikopat, and in the spring, in early April, planted in a permanent place.
Choosing a place to land
Light soils are suitable for sweet cherry (sandy, coarse, loamy soils). In addition, the earth should be loose, water- and breathable, so that the tree can survive frosts more easily.Culture does not like being transplanted, especially at the age of 3-4 years, so you need to choose a place for it carefully so that you do not have to change it.
Did you know? In the old days, sweet cherry gum was used as chewing gum.
Since the tree does not tolerate root root barking, it is desirable to form a site under it on a solar elevation with deep groundwater and well protected from cold winds. It is best that other varieties of cherries and cherries grow nearby, as Sylvia needs pollinators.
First, it is necessary to clean the selected area from vegetable litter. Then you need to dig a hole 0.6–0.8 m deep and 0.8 m wide. 3–5 buckets of rotted manure should be poured into it and 150 g of phosphate fertilizers, 60 g of potash fertilizers and a bucket of river sand should be added. All components must be mixed with a fertile soil layer dug out of the pit. The finished soil mixture must be returned back to the pit and filled with two buckets of water. In this form, the pit should stand for a week.
A week later, a growth stimulator is poured into the planting pit and planting work begins:
- Drive a peg into the pit so that it rises above the ground by 0.5 m.
- Form a hill from a nutritious soil mixture in a pit.
- Place the sapling on the mound, carefully spreading its roots.
- Sprinkle the roots with earth, leaving the root neck to rise a few centimeters above the ground.
- Shake the lightly sprinkled seedling so that the earth fills all the voids.
- Tamp the soil, irrigate it and cover it with a 5-cm layer of mulch.
Video: instructions for planting cherries
Aftercare for the tree
Subsequent care of the plant is not difficult. Like any other tree, the columnar cherries need to be fertilized and watered in a timely manner.
Sweet cherry is a moisture-loving culture. She especially needs moisture during the pouring period. The first 2 years of life, the plant requires 3-5 liters of water daily. With age, the amount of infused moisture increases proportionally.
The plant is fed once a year. A young tree needs 15–20 g of phosphorus and the same amount of potassium mixed with humus. Adult trees need about 50 g of minerals.
Whitewashing is carried out in early spring before flowering. It helps protect the plant from the scorching sun and pests. Lime is used for whitewashing.
Cropping and shaping the crown
Colon-shaped cherries are not really needed for pruning, but it is necessary to give the crown the correct shape and direct the branches in the right direction. In the first year, the top and side shoots are shortened. They remain 10 cm long. The following year, you can shorten the branches, leaving 20 cm at the side and 30 cm at the top. After another year, 30 cm are left. As soon as the tree grows to 2.5 m, its top should be pinched to stop further growth.
Diseases and Pests
Sylvia is unlikely to be susceptible to disease and pests. To strengthen the immunity of the plant, it is advisable to spray it with Bordeaux liquid before flowering. Preventive measures are carried out in the spring: these include whitewashing and spraying.
Harvesting and storage
Harvesting is carried out in mid-June. First, the berries are picked from the lower branches, gradually moving to the upper ones. Fruits are plucked along with “tails”. Sylvia berries are not prone to cracking, which allows them to tolerate transportation well and demonstrate good keeping performance. Without a refrigerator, the crop is stored for a week, in the refrigerator - 2 weeks.Sylvia's columnar cherries have long ceased to be only an industrial variety. Most gardeners gladly grow this compact, well-bearing tree in their area.