Cucumber variety Tufted splendor: description, characteristics, cultivation and care
Early ripe varieties of cucumbers are always highly valued by gardeners, and if pollinating by bees does not yet require pollination by bees, the value of such products increases several times. It is precisely the latter variant that includes the Puchkovoye Splendor variety, which is successfully grown in different regions of the Russian Federation, as well as in Ukraine and Belarus. What exactly is a plant remarkable for and how to organize proper care for it during cultivation - this will be discussed in this article.
History of the variety
Hybrid Beam magnificence was bred by Ural breeders. When developing a new variety, specialists sought to create a plant that would have high productivity, resistance to low temperatures and diseases, unpretentiousness.
And all these qualities were combined in the hybrid “Beam magnificence”. The variety was introduced at the beginning of this century and was introduced to vegetable growers in 2013.
Characterization and description of the variety
Each cucumber variety has its own unique characteristics, even if it seems to look like dozens of others. Beam magnificence is not an exception in this matter, therefore, before planting a crop on your site, you should carefully study the varietal data of the plant itself and its fruits.
The appearance of the bush and the taste of cucumbers
The specified variety belongs to parthenocarpic gherkins of cucumber type with a bundle formation of ovaries. Adult bushes are medium-branched plants that prefer good lighting, thanks to which they successfully develop and form large fruits.
White small spikes are scattered over the entire surface of the skin of the fruit, but they do not affect the taste characteristics of the harvest, which in any form differs in excellent dessert data
Leaf plates are small in size, green in color with 3–7 ovaries in one leaf sinus. For plants of this variety, the second type of branch self-regulation will be characteristic, when fruits poured on the central part of the plant limit the rapid growth of lateral shoots. When forming in one stem, lighting of the leaves of the main stem is more than enough, and the ovaries located on them receive the optimal amount of nutrients.
Did you know? The record for the longest officially registered cucumber belongs to a fruit from the southwestern territory of Great Britain, grown by Alph Cobb. In length, the fruit reached 91.7 centimeters and was presented at an exhibition in the city of Bath.
The first harvest of the fruits of the described cucumber variety can be removed from the bushes already 35–40 days after the emergence of young seedlings, which means that after the May sowing of seeds, ready-to-eat cucumbers will form on the bushes already in late June. If all agrotechnical requirements are observed, up to 40 kg of greenery can be obtained from 1 m² of plantations, however, they will have to be collected regularly, with an interval of several days.
Ripening and flowering
Flowering of the plant is observed approximately 2-3 weeks before the formation of cylindrical fruits of a light green color (at the base of the cucumber, the color is slightly darker). Type of flowering - female, bouquet, so each node forms 3–7 ovaries. Women differ from men's flowers by the presence of an ovary in the form of a small cucumber. General fruiting periods are very long in time, therefore, in some regions, cucumbers are removed until the very frosts.
Positive qualities and disadvantages of the variety
Cucumbers Tufted magnificence has a considerable number of advantages, but this does not relieve them of some disadvantages, so when choosing a variety, all its pros and cons should be taken into account.
- In this case, the following characteristics can be included in the list of first characteristics:
- high self-pollination;
- good taste of fruits;
- excellent resistance to sudden temperature changes and the effects of other adverse environmental factors;
- frost resistance and ability to withstand short-term temperature drops;
- the possibility of growing in regions with frequent fogs;
- extended fruiting in time, which allows for a long time to provide the family with fresh greenery;
- the abundance of the crop;
- early fruit ripening.
As for the shortcomings, the most noticeable are the relatively high demands on planting care and the high cost of planting material, which often becomes the main reason for rejecting the variety and finding a more suitable option for planting.
Features of sowing and growing
Depending on the region of cultivation, cold-resistant varieties of cucumbers Tufted splendor can be sown both in closed soil and directly in beds, which reduces labor costs for transplanting seedlings. Of course, in each individual case, there are specific features of the procedure, which will be discussed later.
In the open ground
In the central regions of the Russian Federation, sowing cucumbers in open soil is carried out no earlier than the second half of May, when the substrate has time to warm up to + 10 ... + 15 ° C. However, in this case, the first Zelentsy are removed from the bushes not earlier than July, since fruit bearing is delayed by an average of 2-3 weeks. When preparing the site, the soil should be dug up, leveled and well fertilized with nutrients, introducing at least 6–9 kg of rotted manure or about 4 kg of humus per 1 m².
On the day of sowing, you need to moisten the bed and at a distance of 20 cm from each other, arrange planting holes, into which no more than five seeds go deep by 2 cm. After planting with a substrate, it is better to cover the stands with plastic film or agrofibre, and after 10 days thin out the young seedlings, removing the weakest specimens and increasing the distance between neighbors to 15 cm.
As soon as real leaves form on the sprouted cucumbers, it is worthwhile to conduct another thinning, this time leaving about 40 cm between future bushes. The recommended final planting density is no more than two plants per 1 m².
Important! The best precursors for cucumbers are considered early cauliflower and white cabbage, but after other cucumbers or zucchini, it is undesirable to plant plants, since pathogens could remain in the soil.
Landing in the greenhouse
In greenhouses, cucumbers can be planted already in early May, but to prevent seedlings from overgrowing and not stretching, you should not rush to the early crops. As in the open area, the soil for future plantings needs to be prepared in advance using organics or mineral mixtures prepared from 10 g of ammonium nitrate, 20 g of double superphosphate and 10-15 g of potassium sulfate, which will be enough for 1 m² of future plantings.
They begin to prepare the soil a week before the alleged sowing of cucumbers so that the substrate has time to settle and compact
It is worth taking care of the disinfection of the structure itself in order to prevent the infection of new plantings with old diseases. In this case, the most suitable disinfectant is a solution of bleach, for the preparation of which 300 g of a substance are dissolved in a bucket of water and insisted under room conditions for 2-3 hours. With a ready-made working solution, it is necessary to wipe all surfaces, paying special attention to tools for caring for plants.
Seeding in the soil is carried out to a depth of not more than 2 cm, and it is advisable to leave about 20 cm of free space between adjacent holes with a further possibility of thinning. The optimum temperature for rapid seed germination is + 26 ° C, with a possible nightly decrease in performance to + 18 ° C. Lowering the values to + 6 ° C and below threatens to stop the growth and development of cucumbers, which will be very difficult to restore if the plants survive a long cold at all.
Caring for seeded cucumbers as a whole does not depend on the place of their planting and provides a standard set of actions: watering and fertilizing plants, loosening and mulching the soil, garter and the formation of cucumber bushes.
Frequency of irrigation and fertilizer
A sufficient level of moisture is the first thing that cucumbers need, so controlling the regularity of watering will always be an important task for any gardener. With constant drying of the soil, the cucumbers will be small and inconspicuous, with voids inside the fruit.
To prevent this, plantings of the described variety are watered at least once every three days, spending about 3 buckets of water per 1 m² of beds. True, weather conditions also play a significant role in the regularity of the procedure, therefore, in case of severe drought, watering can be performed daily, and during the rainy season it can be completely eliminated, of course, if we are talking about open soil.
Irrigation fluid should be moderately warm, especially at the stage of ovary formation. Otherwise, a massive discharge of inflorescences and the spread of root rot, which can destroy the entire bush, is possible.
For watering plants in an open area, a watering can or hose can be used, and in greenhouse shelters a more convenient way of moisturizing will be the organization of a drip irrigation system
Of fertilizers for feeding adult cucumber bushes, it is worth using nitrogenous and complex mineral substances with a regularity of applying once every 14 days. The first time the plants are fed after the formation of the ovaries, and the last time the nutrients are introduced into the soil at the end of the fruiting of the bushes. Of organic substances in this case, manure solutions prepared from one part of mullein or chicken droppings and 10 or 20 parts of water, respectively, will be appropriate.
Important! A safe natural fertilizer for cucumber plantings is considered to be a nutritious herbal cocktail made from chopped nettle and chopped dandelions, bombarded in a barrel for 1/3 of its volume. Having poured such a mixture with water, it remains only a week to insist liquid for maximum fermentation, and then dilute with water in a ratio of 1: 5 and use for watering cucumber beds.
Both options will contribute to root formation and increase the immunity of the culture, although in the latter case it is better to use yeast dressing: 200 g of yeast should be dissolved in 10 l of warm water, add 30 g of sugar and diluted in 50 l of water after two hours of infusion. An acceptable alternative is ash solution, for the preparation of which 150 g of ash are dissolved in 5 l of water and introduced into the soil at the initial stages of plant formation and during fruit growth.
A sufficient number of micro- and macrocells in the soil contribute to the formation of new ovaries in those sinuses in which greenbacks already appeared and were torn off when fully ripened. This ability allows you to classify Tufted magnificence to the premium class.
Garter and bush formation
The Puchkovy magnificence variety belongs to highly growing crops, so bushes have to be formed into one stem. This allows you to improve lighting and improve the quality of nutrition of the ovaries, which means that you can hope for a more abundant harvest of fruits. Formative actions are performed in the following sequence:
- To begin with, in order for the bush to gain strength, in its first 3-4 sinuses, lateral shoots and all forming ovaries are removed.
- After another 1–1.5 weeks, you can begin removing the side lashes, leaving only the ovaries themselves and achieving one leaf and one bundle of ovaries in each node.
If, after harvesting the first crop, plants are fed with nitrogen compounds, new fruits will begin to form in the remaining nodes. For their normal development during this period, the abundance of irrigation should also increase.
Any culture develops better if a sufficient amount of air enters its root system, so you should make every effort to prevent the formation of a dense crust on the surface of beds with cucumbers. The problem of soil clogging can be avoided by regular loosening, which is performed 3-4 hours after the next watering.
True, given the surface location of the root system of cucumbers Puchkovy splendor, you should not deepen the instrument into the ground by more than 8-10 cm, otherwise there is a high probability of damage to the rhizome.
At the same time as loosening, weed removal can also be carried out, which is very easily removed from wet soil. At the end of the procedure, it remains only to mulch the surface with a five-centimeter layer of mulch from sawdust or peat, although this is not necessary and is useful only in cases where you do not have much time for frequent watering and you need to save moisture in the soil for as long as possible
Prevention and control of diseases and pests
Being a hybrid variety, cucumbers Tufted splendor are characterized by high rates of resistance to the main fungal ailments of vegetable crops, however in case of violation of the rules of care and planting of plants, the probability of the appearance of the following problems cannot be ruled out:
- anthracnose (the disease develops due to excessive soil moisture and is characterized by the appearance of light spots on the leaves, which over time grow, dry and crumble);
- white and gray rot (in the first case, a white coating appears on the stems or even fruits, quickly turning into mucous compounds, and in the second case, sticky gray spots form on the leaf plates, which eventually become covered with a fluff and undergo putrefactive processes);
- aphids (the pest densely sticks around all the green parts of the plant and sucks out the juice from them, due to which the leaf plates quickly curl, and the flower ovaries immediately fall off);
- whiteflies (this pest affects leaves mainly from the inside, but the result is exactly the same as in the previous case: the plates quickly fade and fall, disrupting the normal development of the remaining parts of the cucumber bushes);
- spider mite (this small insect, which appears mainly in the dry period, repeats the actions of previous pests and sucks the juices from cucumbers, thereby causing them significant damage that cannot but affect the overall crop yield).
For preventive purposes, to prevent any of the above problems, it is worth observing the requirements of crop rotation of cucumbers, to prevent waterlogging or drying out of the soil under plantations, and to monitor the condition of cucumber bushes.
When the slightest signs of ailments or pest damage appear, the damaged parts must be cut off and the remaining plant treated with special fungicidal or insecticidal preparations, but no later than three weeks before the intended harvest of the fruit. Of the popular fungicides for growing cucumbers, Strobi, Quadrice or Trichodermin can be noted, and of the insecticidal preparations, Iskra, Aktare, or Fitoverm should be preferred.
Did you know? China is deservedly considered the largest world producer of cucumbers, in which almost 62 million tons of vegetables are annually grown, which makes up three quarters of the total world turnover of the fruits of this crop.
Harvesting and storage
After the ripening of the first Zelentsy, Puchkovy Splendor fruits are harvested every few days, because, overgrowing, they lose their external attractiveness, taste, and in addition to everything, they delay the development of smaller Zelentsy. After removal, it is advisable to store fresh cucumbers in the refrigerator, but even here they will lie for a maximum of five days, after which they will begin to fade and deteriorate.
In indoor conditions, and even more so at an elevated temperature in the room, rotting of the crop only accelerates, so if you want to preserve the fruits longer, you should immediately discard rotten, damaged or too overripe specimens.The only way out for long-term storage will be harvesting preservation, especially since young representatives of the variety are great for pickling and pickling
If you can organize the cucumber Tufted splendor the proper conditions for productive growth and development, constantly providing them with proper care, there should not be any problems with them, and you can enjoy juicy and healthy greens ripening in record time.