How to store dried apples for the winter at home
Dried apples are a set of useful substances and vitamins, which is why they are an indispensable product in the winter. We recommend that you learn how to cook properly, which apple varieties to choose, as well as in what places, under what conditions and in what to store the product for a long time he remained fit for eating.
What varieties of apples to choose for drying
The best choice for cooking will be varieties that ripen in the autumn and have a sweet and sour taste. Sweet apples lose their saturation during the drying process, which makes them appear tasteless. It is worth choosing fruits of medium or large size. It is desirable that the apple was with thin skin and a small seed box.The most suitable varieties of apples for drying are sour, sweet and sour species. Due to its specific taste, astringency and dryness, from these apples several times more dry product is obtained than from sweet ones. When choosing such fruits, you will receive a small amount of waste and a large amount of finished products. We recommend paying attention to such apple varieties as Antonovka, Titovka, Aport, Grushovka and Pepin. Other varieties with dense white flesh will also be a good choice.
Did you know? Dried apples contain vitamins PP, A, B1, B2, C, as well as pectin, glucose, bromelain and other useful substances that, when ingested, improve metabolism and help normalize the digestion process.
Basic requirements for proper apple drying
First of all, you should prepare the selected fruits. To do this, they must be thoroughly washed and all possible damaged places removed. The next step is slicing. Most housewives cut apples in circles or thin slices. There are several ways to make dried apples. The most common of them is drying fruits in the sun. The procedure is performed in the summer months, when the sun's rays warm not only the earth, but also the air.To dry apples in the sun, you will need baking sheets or a net on which to chop the sliced fruit, otherwise the drying may deteriorate due to high humidity. In addition, this method is only suitable for areas where hot weather predominates, and only varieties ripening in summer can be used for drying. However, this method has a significant plus: you can dry an unlimited number of apple blanks at a time.
Important! When drying apples in an open space, make sure that they are not wet by rain. Otherwise, the drying will deteriorate.
The surface with the workpieces must be placed in a well-lit place and periodically, Once a day, mix apples. If you have a small space, you can string fruit slices on a thread and hang. To protect the fruit from pests during drying, you can use gauze: it must be folded 1-2 times and covered with apple blanks. However, gauze does not guarantee 100% protection for dryers.
The next most common method involves using oven. In particular, this method is suitable for residents of apartments. Prepared and chopped apples must be laid out in one layer on a baking sheet or grid and placed in the oven, heated to + 75 ° C.Using the oven, you can rush to dry summer varieties of apples and prepare drying at any time convenient for the hostess. The oven door should be left ajar.Every 1.5 hours, the future drying should be mixed. The downside of making apple dried cakes is the length of the whole process: it takes about 7 hours. Only after this time, apple slices turn pale.
Did you know? In order for apples to dry better, it is recommended to lower the temperature to +50 ... + 55 ° C before the end of the cooking process.
The drying process will also help to cope. electric dryer. This device is able to dry a large number of fruits in a fairly short period, which is why it is considered the easiest way to dry apples. Fruits must be cut so that their thickness is not more than 5 mm, then put on an electric dryer in one layer and turn on the unit itself. Drying will be prepared in 2-3 hours. The advantage of this method is also that additional actions on your part (for example, stirring apple slices) are not required.
Video: drying apples in an electric dryer
Another way to dry apples involves using microwave oven. Initially, it is necessary to prepare fruits: wash them thoroughly and cut into slices or circles 1-2 cm thick. Before cooking, sliced fruits should be placed in saline solution (4 tsp. Salt in 1 liter of water). This procedure will help keep apples in color.
Important! During the preparation of dryers, be careful and periodically check the readiness of the product: it is important that the drying has elasticity, without being under-dried. Cooking times for apples can vary based on the degree of readiness of the dryers.
Prepared apple slices should be placed on a baking sheet in a uniform layer, and then put the baking sheet in the microwave. For cooking, you need power set at 300 watts. Drying time is 2 minutes. If after this time the fruits are still wet, return the pan to the microwave for 30 seconds.
Video: drying apples in the microwave
Optimal conditions and storage at home
Regardless of the method of drying apples, you need to know in what conditions should be placed drying. Choosing the right place for all parameters will help you keep the product and ensure its long-term suitability for food. First of all, pay attention to the brightness of the place. Apples received the required amount of ultraviolet light even during the ripening period, so now they will need to place in a space where the sun's rays do not penetrate.It is also important to monitor the air temperature: it should not exceed + 10 ° C. If you have chosen the “summer” method of drying in the sun, we recommend placing apple slices on the balcony or window sill. Thanks to the good ventilation inherent in such places, you minimize the possibility of various pests. The onset of winter helps to lower the temperature and increase the level of humidity, which is also an important condition for the preservation of drying.
Important! The product begins to darken if bright light falls on it, so apples must be covered to preserve the light color. A better option would be fabric, as it is capable of letting air through.
In winter, it is better to choose a different storage location for the product. One of the best places can be safely called a pantry: sunlight does not penetrate there, but there is no high humidity or low air temperature there. Recommended air humidity is not more than 30%. If you are not sure that this indicator is supported in your pantry, use ordinary salt. Pour it into a plate and place it nearby with apples: all excess moisture will be absorbed into the salt.Do not neglect ventilation, because moisture, accumulating in the room, contributes to the appearance and development of mold on the dryer. That's why the room must be ventilated periodically. Care must also be taken to place the dryer among other products. The proximity of drying to products that have a strong, pronounced odor should be avoided. For example, dried ram is categorically not suitable for the neighborhood with dried apples, as the latter absorb its aroma.
Important! Another reason for the appearance of these troubles can be insufficient heat treatment of the apples themselves, i.e., the slices are not dried well enough, which is why they themselves became a source of high humidity.
Choosing the right container for storage
Once you have decided where to store the dried apples, choose a container suitable for them. There are several options, and each of them has its own advantages and features. Check each of them to choose the most convenient option for yourself.
A fabric bag is considered to be the best place to store drying. This is because the fabric has the ability to pass air, so the bag will be aired by itself. This feature of the container allows you to protect apples from charm and mold. In addition, small pests will not be able to get through the weaving of threads inside the bag, which will protect the dryer from multiplying various bugs in the container where it is located.If your choice falls on a fabric bag, we recommend that you pre-process it. To do this, wash the bag with laundry soap. An additional measure of protection will be the processing of the bag with foam from laundry soap: apply it to the surface of the bag, then leave it to dry. Soaking tissue containers in saline solution and its subsequent drying will also help. After the fabric has dried, you can place the dried apples inside.
Important! Storage of drying in plastic bags is strictly prohibited. Air does not penetrate such a dense surface, as a result of which apples simply choke.
Another container that can be used to store drying is it is a cardboard or wooden box, a wicker basket. In order for drying to be better preserved, you need to correctly place it inside such a container. For placement, you need parchment or thick, waxed paper. She needs to cover the bottom of the container, spread a layer of dried apples on top. Paper must be laid on top of each subsequent drying layer.Thus, at the very top should be a layer of paper. It is important to understand that such a storage container will not save apples from possible insect infestations, so the suitability of drying will have to be periodically checked and disposed of spoiled foods. Mold and a musty smell can also appear if you do not monitor the ventilation of the room.
The option of storing dried apples in sealed containers. By it is meant a glass jar closed with a nylon cap. This method has virtually no disadvantages if you follow all the conditions. One of these is the dryness of both banks and lids. The fact is that the slightest accumulation of moisture inside the container will provoke the appearance of mold on apple slices, so the container should be thoroughly dried and wiped before pouring into it. Besides, during storage, apples should be periodically poured into a new dry jar.
How to prevent drying from pests
If you have chosen the right place and container for storing dried apples, this does not guarantee their safety. After all, apples, even when dried, attract various pests, so it is important to know how to protect your drying supplies from all pests that are planted in the pantry, and what measures to take if the product is already damaged.
From the moth
Food moth, as well as sugar mites and small bugs appear if you have not fulfilled all storage conditions of the product. The best way to protect yourself, of course, is to review the storage conditions of the product and put them in order.Food moth manages to spoil the taste of drying and affect its appearance is not the best way. However, if you do not have time and the pests have already spoiled your supply, use the following method. Apple slices must be sorted out, selected damaged separately, and then - throw them away from home. The rest should be placed on a baking sheet and dried in the oven for an hour at a temperature of + 70 ° C. After processing the apples with this temperature, cool them and refrigerate them for the next 24 hours. Lower temperatures are just as good a way to disinfect as they are high, so an additional drying treatment will give a better result.
Against mold and mildew
Mold and fungus appear where there is a high level of humidity. Their appearance is possible only if the wrong choice of storage location for drying or the lack of maintaining the correct humidity level. It should be no more than 30%. To protect the product from the appearance of mold and mildew, carefully ensure that there is no additional source of moisture nearby and that water does not in any way fall on the workpieces.To reduce the level of humidity, use salt: pour it into a container and place it next to dried apples.
From other pests
To protect dried fruits from the attack of other pests, you can process them before the drying process begins. First, chopped fruits must be thoroughly washed under running water. Then they should be rinsed with a weak saline solution (3-4 liters of edible salt will be needed for 1 liter of water).
To top it off, prepare a solution of vinegar (1 tbsp. Vinegar per 1 liter of water) and leave the fruits in it for 10 minutes. Such processing will leave an invisible aroma on apples, which will scare away possible pests. After the fruits go through all stages of the prophylaxis against insect attacks, you can start the process of making sushi.
Shelf life of dried apples at home
Dried apple slices must be stored for a long time - they may remain usable for several years. However, apples can have such a long life only if you have followed all the instructions for preparing the fruits, as well as choosing the right place to store the fruits and choosing the right container. Failure to comply with the rules for the preparation and storage of drying significantly reduces its shelf life.
Thus, we can say with confidence that the harvesting of apple dried sushi is a simple process, especially since you can decide on your own how to dry the fruits. Storage of dried fruits will also not cause difficulties, and how many months the drying will remain suitable for eating depends on how responsibly you will choose the container and place for its storage.